Astronomy Picture of the Day
Frequently Asked Questions List
The Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) is based upon work supported by NASA under award No. 80NSSC17M0076. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
How to Bookmark APOD
Link to our main NASA site: http://apod.nasa.gov/
which will direct you to
This main site is the first to update and the most likely
to be up-to-date.
Alternatively, link to one of our mirror sites:
- Algeria (in Arabic from the
Sirius Astronomy Association):
- Austria (in German):
- China (in Chinese from Beijing Planetarium):
, maintained by
- Croatia (in Croatian):
http://www.apod.rs/Croatia.html, maintained by
- Czech Republic (in Czech):
http://www.astro.cz/apod/, maintained by
- France (in French from apod.tv):
maintained by Mathieu Basset
- France (in French from Ciel des Hommes):
maintained by Didier Jamet
- Indonesia (in Indonesian):
maintained by Riza Miftah Muharram
- Iran (in Farsi translated by
maintained by Mohammad Rahimi
- Italy (in English from Observatorio Astronomico di Brera):
http://www.brera.mi.astro.it/apod/, maintained by
- Israel (in Hebrew, translated by Reshit Mada):
- Japan (in Japanese and English):
http://home.u05.itscom.net/apodjpn/apodj/apodj0.htm, maintained by
- Korea (in Korean and English from WouldYouLike):
http://wouldyoulike.org/apod, maintained by
- Montenegro (in Montenegrin):
http://www.apod.rs/Montenegro.html, maintained by
Plavi and Liliana Gracanin
- Netherlands (in Dutch):
http://www.apod.nl/, maintained by
Rolf A. Jansen
- Poland (translated to Polish within a few days
by the Polish Astronomical Society):
http://apod.pl/apod/ maintained by
- Russia (in English from Moscow University):
http://www.sai.msu.su/apod/ maintained by
- Russia (in Russian from Astronet.ru):
http://www.astronet.ru/db/apod.html maintained by
- Serbia (in Serbian):
http://www.apod.rs/, maintained by
- Slovenia (in Slovenian):
http://apod.fmf.uni-lj.si/, maintained by
- Spain (in Catalan):
- Spain (in Spanish):
- Taiwan (in Chinese):
and (in English):
maintained by Han-Tzong Su
- Turkey (in Turkish):
maintained by Alper Gokce
- Ukraine (in Ukrainian from Odessa National Maritime University):
- United Kingdom (University College London):
maintained by Ian Howarth
These addresses will bring you the most recent available
Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD).
Some people find it convenient to bookmark the main APOD page and to
refresh it to see the latest APOD.
Alternatively, to see past APODs, please click on "Archive"
near the bottom of each page.
To navigate to the previous day's picture,
click on the less than [ < ] symbol near the bottom left of each page.
If it is available, you can also navigate to the next day's picture
by clicking on the greater than [ > ] symbol near the bottom
right of each page.
New Media APOD-Related Content
We are aware of several "new media" venues that carry APOD-related content.
Most of these are done on a volunteer basis and are not
supported directly by APOD or NASA. In sum, APOD considers these to be
mirror sites that make classic APOD content readable not in a
different language -- but with different technology.
Some of these venues might partially support themselves by carrying
advertising. This seems OK to us and we
have therfore given them permission to use APOD content as it seems to give a
broader reach to APOD's educational mission.
Starship Asterisk maintained by
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod.rss maintained by
via iTunes and
YouTube. Commentary created by, and sites maintained by,
Robert Wagner (HACC)
Read Aloud by Artifical Intelligence:
via YouTube created by Videotizer
https://www.reddit.com/r/apod/ maintained by
Richard Stratton Townle
http://apod.tumblr.com/ maintained by
Chrome browser extensions:
Current list (free, user created and maintained)
iPhone and iPad Applications:
http://www.concentricsky.com/products/iphone/apod/ maintained by
APOD listings on Google Play
Windows Device Applications:
http://www.windowsphone.com/en-US/apps/95dad86f-c26a-4f8c-b052-057f43cb446c maintained by Matteo Marciano at
http://apps.microsoft.com/windows/en-us/app/astronomy-pix-of-the-day/42cd1fe3-f57a-4aca-af56-d31302e74740 maintained by Christophe Nasarre
Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) is originated, written, coordinated,
and edited since 1995 by Robert Nemiroff and Jerry Bonnell.
The APOD archive
contains the largest collection of annotated astronomical
images on the internet.
APOD in general and the APOD site served from NASA specifically
places links solely on
information content and does not endorse any commercial product nor guarantee
claims or sales made on any linked pages.
In real life, Bob and Jerry are two professional astronomers who spend most
of their time researching the universe.
Bob is a professor at
Michigan Technological University
in Houghton, Michigan, USA,
while Jerry is a scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
in Greenbelt, Maryland USA.
They are two married, mild and lazy guys
who might appear relatively normal to an unsuspecting guest.
Together, they have found new and unusual ways of annoying people such as
staging astronomical debates.
Most people are surprised to learn that
they have developed the perfect
random number generator.
About image permissions:
All the images on the APOD page are credited to the owner or
institution where they originated.
Some of the images are copyrighted and to use these
pictures publicly or commercially one must write to the owners for
permission. For the copyrighted images, the copyright owner is identified
in the APOD credit line (please see the caption under the image),
along with a hyperlink to the owner's location.
NASA images are in the public domain,
official guidelines for their use can be found here.
For images credited to other owners/institutions,
please contact them directly for copyright and permissions questions.
Neither NASA nor APOD can grant permission to use copyrighted images. For
use of these images, please write to the copyright owners.
Do you enjoy APOD? Do you have a picture that would make a good APOD?
If so, we would enjoy hearing from you.
Images are submitted by email to Robert Nemiroff and Jerry Bonnell
as described on the
APOD Submissions page.
In addition, they can be
to this web site.
Please note that by submitting your image to APOD, you are consenting for
your image to be used on APOD in all of its forms unless you explicitly
These include mirror sites,
world language mirror sites as listed above,
new media mirror sites as listed above, yearly calendars, and
direct APOD derivative products.
Some notable images submitted to APOD may be displayed on one or all of the
following social media pages to help access their popularity:
Universe View Screen
Some of APOD's social media sites and some APOD derivative products, such as Facebook, may post your image
next to commercial advertising. We do recommend
that you include a small copyright notice in a corner of your
Thank you for sharing the APOD experience! We genuinely hope you have had
an entertaining and educational few moments with us.
Today's Astronomy Picture of the Day
Robert Nemiroff's participation in APOD was supported, in part, for a few years,
by a grant from the National Science
Authors & editors:
NASA Web Site Statements, Warnings,
NASA Official: Phil Newman.
Specific rights apply.
A service of:
& Michigan Tech. U.