Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2012 December 11
See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download 
the highest resolution version available.

NGC 604: Giant Stellar Nursery
Image Credit: Hubble Legacy Archive, ESA, NASA; Processing - Donald Waid

Explanation: Stars are sometimes born in the midst of chaos. About 3 million years ago in the nearby galaxy M33, a large cloud of gas spawned dense internal knots which gravitationally collapsed to form stars. NGC 604 was so large, however, it could form enough stars to make a globular cluster. Many young stars from this cloud are visible in the above image from the Hubble Space Telescope, along with what is left of the initial gas cloud. Some stars were so massive they have already evolved and exploded in a supernova. The brightest stars that are left emit light so energetic that they create one of the largest clouds of ionized hydrogen gas known, comparable to the Tarantula Nebula in our Milky Way's close neighbor, the Large Magellanic Cloud.

Tomorrow's picture: sky quivers

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Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff (MTU) & Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)
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